Africa remains one of the last exploration frontiers, accounting for many of the world’s most prolific oil and gas discoveries of the last decade. Opportunities in exploration abound, from traditional onshore exploration in South Sudan to shale plays in South Africa and deep offshore acreage in Angola’s waters. How can American exploration and production companies, as well as American service companies, better position themselves to participate in Africa’s booming upstream sector? What specific opportunities do E&P companies? How can independents and IOCs partner with African entrepreneurs and financiers? What steps can governments to create the most competitive regulatory environments in the world?